Professional Content       

Elephant protocols, proceedings, manuals, standards, and other documents

Most documents below are presented in PDF format.  To learn more about PDF documents, how to easily download them to your computer, and how to obtain free software, see PDF Hints.  

Caution:  Large files - may take several minutes to open or download, especially on slower connections.

Scientific
Topics (some overlap between categories - check Management Topics also)
Elephas Maximus - Asiatic Elephant - Weights & Physiological Reference Ranges (International Species Information System - ISIS)
Loxodonta africana - African Elephant
Weights & Physiological Reference Ranges  
(International Species Information System - ISIS)
Elephant Necropsy Protocol 2010 (AZA - U.S.)
Elephant Research And Tissue Request Protocol 2010 (AZA and Elephant Research Foundation)
Elephant Serum Bank Submission Form 2010 (AZA - U.S.)

Elephant SSP Routine Health 2010  (AZA - Elephant SSP May 2005)
Elephant Vital Signs and Physiological Parameters (compiled by Susan Mikota DVM 2006)
Post-mortem Procedures for Wildlife Veterinarians and Field Biologists  (African Elephants)
 (Published jointly by the Office International des Epizooties, Care for the Wild and the Veterinary Specialist Group/Species Survival Commission


Diseases:  Copyright 2006 Nilanjan Das
See Also:
Signs of Health and Disease



Comprehensive: Elephant: Diseases and Treatment - Wildlife Information Network
(external link)
   
Encephalomyocarditis (EMC, EMCV)
    Encephalomyocarditis (EMC, EMCV)
Elephant Care International Fact Sheet
Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus (EEHV)
 
   Instructions and submission form for EEHV Testing 2010  (SSP - AZA - U.S.)
   
Recommendations for EEHV (Herpes Virus) Testing and Transport of Elephants 2002  (AZA - U.S.)
   
Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus (EEHV) Elephant Care International Fact Sheet Dec. 07
Rabies
   
Rabies - Elephant Care International Fact Sheet
Salmonellosis
   
SalmonellosisElephant Care International Fact Sheet
Tetanus
    Tetanus

Tuberculosis
    Guidelines for the Control of TB in Elephants 2008
United States Animal Health Association (USAHA) Oct. 29, 2008
    Summary - Elephant Tuberculosis Research Workshop May 2005
    Tuberculosis -
Elephant Care International Fact Sheet
   
Frequently Asked Questions
    Comprehensive reference list on TB in elephants
    TB and Implications for Elephant Management in Asia
 West Nile Virus Update in Elephants
(USA)

Reproduction
   Potential Treatments for Reproductive Problems in Elephants (Janine Brown - National Zoo - US)
   Veterinary Guidelines for Reproduction-Related Management in Captive Female Elephants (EAZA TAG - Europe)
         Special Note:
The above birth protocol is a work-in-progress.  There is much to be learned and the authors request that readers give feedback
         to the authors as to their experiences so that improvements in the protocol can be made.  Please send comments or questions to Willem
         Schaftenaar <
w.schaftenaar@rotterdamzoo.nl>"

 

Management Topics (some overlap between categories - check ScientificTopics also)
Please note our Position Statement.  We welcome materials from diverse viewpoints.
Let Them Be Elephants
(PDF of a PowerPoint Presentation) by Hilda Tresz and Heather Wright
      (Details new husbandry and training methods for “problem” elephants at Phoenix Zoo

Review of Options for Managing the Impacts of Locally Overabundant African Elephants
External link:From the African
     Elephant Specialist Group - 2007 task force output, available at their site as a PDF

Elephant care manual for mahouts and camp managers  External link: Available as a PDF in English and Thai
      ( ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/008/ae943e)
:  This is an FAO, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific; Forest Industry
      Organization, Bangkok (Thailand) Publication by Preecha Phuangkum; Lair, R.C. (ed.); Taweepoke Angkawanith.  Funding was provided by IFAW
      (International Fund for Animal Welfare).

Optimal Conditions for Captive Elephants 2005 with 2007 updates (Coalition for Captive Elephant Well-Being)
Best Practices 2005 (Coalition for Captive Elephant Well-Being)
Standard Guidelines for Elephant Management 2005 (EMA- U.S.)
Guidelines For Comprehensive Elephant Health Monitoring Program (SSP - AZA - USA)
May 2005

AZA Standards for Elephant Management and Care (AZA)
Management Guidelines for Elephants, (BIAZA - British & Irish Association of Zoos & Aquariums)
Recommended Elephant Preshipment Guidelines 2003  (AZA - USA)
Captive Elephant Management Rules (DRAFT) (Kerala, India) 
Handbook Elephants: Nutrition and Dietary Husbandry Nutrition Advisory Group of the  AZA
Practical Elephant Management A Handbook for Mahouts  (India)
Transport Guidelines For Elephants 2010  (AZA - U.S.)
Quarantine Guidelines For Elephants 2010 (AZA - U.S.)
Draft Statement of Principles Elephant Acquisition and Management (Australian Regional Association of Zoological Parks and Aquaria (ARAZPA)

Other Documents:
Not in alphabetical order

Caution:  Large files - may take several minutes to open or download, especially on slower connections.

Buddhism and Deep Ecology for Protection of Wild Asian Elephants in Myanmar: A resource Guide, Daniel H. Henning, PhD
The elephant’s hoof: Macroscopic and microscopic morphology of defined locations under consideration of pathological changes
IUCN/SSC African Elephant Specialist Group: Statement on the Taxonomy of extant Loxodonta, Feb. 2002
For the Love of Elephants: Mahoutship and Elephant Conservation in Thailand Thesis by Jean VortKamp
Giants on our hands. Proceedings of the international workshop on the domesticated Asian elephant Bangkok, Thailand 2001
   
External link: FAO - PDF version available at this link - link opens in smaller document for faster loading
 

Presentations
Let Them Be Elephants: Hilda Tresz and Heather Wright, Phoenix Zoo
Signs of Health and Illness A brief presentation by Dr. Susan Mikota
Risk Assessment and Ethics in International Conservation Projects A presentation by Hank Hammatt delivered at the Zoos & Aquariums: Committing to Conservation Conference January 26th-30th, 2005
What can you do to help save elephants? A lifestyle presentation

 

 
 
The above documents are published here with the generous permission of the respective associations.  If you or your organization have a protocol, manual, or proceedings, we encourage you to share your knowledge and experience.  Please contact us for details.  See our Bulletin Board for other posting possibilities.  

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