Elephant Formulary

© 2003-06 Susan K. Mikota DVM and Donald C. Plumb, Pharm.D.
Published by Elephant Care International - www.elephantcare.org

Tables of Parenteral Fluids

  

 

 

 

 

.

...

 

Tables of Parenteral Fluids

(Not a complete listing; includes both human
and veterinary-approved products.)

 

                      

Sodium Chloride Injections

 

 

 

Solution

Sodium

(mEq/L)

Chloride

(mEq/L)

Osmolality

(mOsm/L)

Available as:

Sodium Chloride 0.2%

34

34

69

3 ml

Sodium Chloride 0.45%

(Half-Normal Saline)

 

77

 

77

 

155

 

3, 5, 500, and 1000 ml

Sodium Chloride 0.9%

(Normal Saline )

 

154

 

154

 

310

1, 2, 2.5. 3, 4, 5, 10, 20, 25, 30, 50, 100, 130, 150, 250, 500, & 1000 ml

Sodium Chloride 3%

513

513

1030

500 ml

Sodium Chloride 5%

855

855

1710

500 ml

 

 

Dextrose Solutions

 

Solution

Dextrose

(g/L)

Calories

(kCal/L)

Osmolality

(mOsm/L)

Available

as:

Dextrose 2.5%

25

85

126

250, 500, & 1000 ml

Dextrose 5%

50

170

253

10, 25, 50, 100, 130, 150, 250, 400, 500, 1000 ml

Dextrose 10%

100

340

505

250, 500, & 1000 ml

Dextrose 20%

200

680

1010

500 & 1000 ml

Dextrose 25%

250

850

1330

in 10 ml syringes

Dextrose 30%

300

1020

1515

500 & 1000 ml

Dextrose 38.5%

385

1310

1945

1000 ml

Dextrose 40%

400

1360

2020

500 & 1000 ml

Dextrose 50%

500

1700

2525

50, 250, 500, & 1000 ml

Dextrose 60%

600

2040

3030

500 & 1000 ml

Dextrose 70%

700

2380

3535

250, 500, & 1000 ml

 

 

Dextrose/Electrolyte Combinations

 

 

Solution

 

 

D5 in Ringer’s

D2.5 in half-strength Lactated Ringers

 

D5 in Lactated Ringers

Normosol®-M  w/D5; Plasma-Lyte 56 w/D5

 

Plasma-Lyte® 148 and D5

 

Normosol®-R and D5

Dextrose (g/L)

50

25

50

50

50

50

Calories (kCal/L)

170

89

179

170

190

185

Na+ (mEq/L)

147

65.5

130

40

140

140

K+ (mEq/L)

4

2

4

13

5

5

Ca++ (mEq/L)

4.5

1.4

2.7

 

 

 

Mg++ (mEq/L)

 

 

 

3

3

3

Cl- (mEq/L)

156

54

109

40

98

98

Gluconate (mEq/L)

 

 

 

 

23

23

Lactate (mEq/L)

 

14

28

 

 

 

Acetate (mEq/L)

 

 

 

16

27

27

Osmolarity (mOsm/L)

562

263

527

368

(363)

547

552

Available as:

500 & 1000 ml

250, 500 & 1000 ml

250, 500 & 1000 ml

500 & 1000 ml

500 & 1000 ml

500 & 1000 ml

 

 

Electrolyte Combination Injections

 

 

Solution

 

 

Ringer’s

Injection

Lactated

Ringer’s

Injection

(LRS )

 

Plasma-Lyte® 56

 

Plasma-Lyte® R

Plasma-Lyte A;

Normosol®-R pH 7.4

 

Isolyte® S

pH 7.4

Na+ (mEq/L)

147

130

40

140

140

141

K+ (mEq/L)

4

4

13

10

5

5

Ca++ (mEq/L)

4

3

 

5

 

 

Mg++ (mEq/L)

 

 

3

3

3

3

Cl- (mEq/L)

156

109

40

103

98

98

Gluconate (mEq/L)

 

 

 

 

23

23

Lactate (mEq/L)

 

28

 

8

 

 

Acetate (mEq/L)

 

 

16

47

27

29

Osmolarity (mOsm/L)

310

272

111

312

294

(295)

295

Available as:

250, 500, 1000 ml

250, 500, 1000, 5000 ml

500 & 1000 ml

1000 ml

500, 1000, & 5000 ml

500 & 1000 ml

 

 

Dextrose/Saline Combinations

 

Solution

Na+

(mEq/L)

Cl-

(mEq/L)

Dextrose

(g/L)

Calories

(kCal/L)

Osmolality

(mOsm/L)

Available

as:

D2.5 & 0.45% NaCl

77

77

25

85

280

250, 500, & 1000 ml

D5 & 0.11% NaCl

19

19

50

170

290

500 & 1000 ml

D5 & 0.2% NaCl

34

34

50

170

320

250, 500, & 1000 ml

D5 & 0.33% NaCl

56

56

50

170

365

250, 500, & 1000 ml

D5 & 0.45% NaCl

77

77

50

170

405

250, 500, & 1000 ml

D5 & 0.9% NaCl

154

154

100

170

560

250, 500, & 1000 ml

D10 & 0.45% NaCl

77

77

100

340

660

1000 ml

D10 & 0.9% NaCl

154

154

100

340

815

500 & 1000 ml

 

 

 

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